Early American History
door stoop
Dutch door
Key Concepts
In colonial times, transportation was slow and difficult. The only way to travel was by boat, horseback, or on foot. Traveling from one colony to another took days. Roads began as trails through the countryside. Slowly, the trails were widened for horses and carriages.

In colonial times, the city of New York was very different from the city of
Boston. The people of New York City were a mixture of people from many
. In addition to the English people, there were free Africans, French, Jews, and people from other European countries. This mixture of many cultures made New York City different from Boston.

In 1704, the Dutch influence was still strong in the New York colony. Many houses were built in the Dutch style using bricks of different colors. Dutch houses had a stoop, or a wide high doorstep. Dutch doors were split
in half. The bottom could remain closed while the top could be open. On the highest hills stood windmills. The sails of the windmills captured the winds for power. Wind power turned the mills that ground wheat grain into wheat flour.
Colonial New York City
Europeans Settle Throughout
North America
New York City
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Additional Information

many cultures - New York city was a mixture of many cultures. Its great harbor brought many ships with new settlers. 18 different languages were spoken in the New York colony.

Jews - Prejudice goes way back. When New York was the Dutch colony there was prejudice. Peter Stuyvesant was the Governor of New Netherland. He did not believe in religious freedom. He tried to keep Jewish settlers out of the colony. The Dutch West India Company owned the colony. They said the Jewish settlers were welcome and they put a stop to the foolish rule.